Social equity is key to sustainable ocean governance


Calls to address social equity in ocean governance are expanding. Yet ‘equity’ is seldom clearly defined. Here we present a framework to support contextually-informed assessment of equity in ocean governance. Guiding questions include: (1) Where and (2) Why is equity being examined? (3) Equity for or amongst Whom? (4) What is being distributed? (5) When is equity considered? And (6) How do governance structures impact equity? The framework supports consistent operationalization of equity, challenges oversimplification, and allows evaluation of progress. It is a step toward securing the equitable ocean governance already reflected in national and international commitments.

Recommended Citation

Crosman, K.M., Allison, E.H., Ota, Y. et al. Social equity is key to sustainable ocean governance. npj Ocean Sustain 1, 4 (2022).

Quick Facts


  • Chris Rothschild
  • Katherine Crosman
  • Edward Allison
  • Yoshitaka Ota
  • Andru00e9s Cisneros-Montemayor
  • Gerald Singh
  • Wilf Swartz
  • Megan Bailey
  • Kate Barclay
  • Grant Blume
  • Mathieu Collu00e9ter
  • Michael Fabinyi
  • Elaine Faustman
  • Russel Fielding
  • P. Griffin
  • Quentin Hanich
  • Harriet Harden-Davies
  • Ryan Kelly
  • Tiff-Annie Kenny
  • Terrie Klinger
  • John Kittinger
  • Katrina Nakamura
  • Annet Pauwelussen
  • Sherry Pictou
  • Katherine Seto
  • Ana Spalding

Publication Type

  • Academic Journal
  • Journal Article

Publication Date

  • August, 2022

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